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Open Access English: Copyright and publication agreements

The Copyright belongs to the Author

According to effective copyright laws in Finland, the copyright belongs to the author. This is the case even if the author worked for an institution, such as a university, when the article was written; and no other agreement was made. If the work, e.g. an article or publication, has several authors, the copyright belongs to all of them.

It is not in the best interest of the author to give up his/her copyrights

The author can give up his copyrights. However, this is not advisable at the time of publishing the article. The publisher can offer the author an agreement which transfers all the rights to the publisher. Signing this kind of a contract should be avoided. Researchers working at the university are advised to retain the right to self-archive their articles in the institutional repository of the University.

In many cases the publishers' policies on copyrights and/or self-archiving can be checked at SHERPA/RoMEO service. See also Checking the right to self-archiving

Self-archiving a parallel copy of an article in the institutional repository of the University does not affect the author's copyrights. The copyrights are not transferred to the institutional repository but remain with the author.


Check the Copyright Policy

Information about publisher's copyright and self-archiving policy can be found on SHERPA/RoMEO website.

Information may also be found on the web pages of the journals or the publishers, for example:

If information on the journal’s publishing policy is unavailable and the publishing agreement offered by the publisher or journal fails to mention the matter, the researcher is advised to propose an additional clause to be added to the publication agreement. The clause provides the author with the right to self-archive and deposit his or her article in the institutional repository of the University of Tampere.

Example of SHERPA/RoMEO information

SHERPA/RoMEO is a service which allows you to check the self-archiving policy of the best-known international publishers and scholarly journals. Therefore it is not always necessary to ask the publisher for separate self-archiving permission.

You can search either by a journal title or by a publisher. Write the journal title, and you will receive the following information on the journal´s default policy on self-archiving, i.e. whether self-archiving is allowed, and if so, on what conditions.

In the example, articles can be self-archived as parallel versions. However, the post-print version must be used instead of the PDF published in a printed journal. The pre-print version can be self-archived without restrictions if desired.

Among the allowed self-archiving platforms are the organization's own institutional repository and the author's personal homepages. It is also reminded that the original source of publication must be mentioned in connection with self-archiving.

The title Mandated OA, tells you the conditions set by the funder, i.e. which organizations require Open Access to the research they have funded and what limitations they are willing to accept. Some publishers have a mention "Paid OA option". In that case the funder chooses a chargeable service offered by the publisher (i.e. the right to use publisher's PDF version without embargo limits), but accepts to pay the price asked. In the case of the example journal, the option of Paid Open Access is a service called Springer Open Choice offered by Springer itself.

Explanations of the notes

Archive (self-archive) = save a parallel copy of an article

Pre-print = the version of an article before peer review

Post-print = the final version of an article that has been modified according to the feedback of the peer review, but the layout of which has not yet been processed.

Final draft post-refereeing = the final version of an article that has been modified according to the feedback of the peer review, but the layout of which has not yet been processed.

Publisher's version = the final version of an article, which has been published in a journal.

General conditions = the general conditions set by the publisher concerning self-archiving. The conditions concern such matters as acknowledging the published source, obligation to link to publisher´s version and where to self-archive.

Mandated OA = shows those research funders that make it a condition of a grant that a duplicate of any research paper be placed in a repository for Open Access.

Compliance data = information about the conditions set by research funders concerning Open Access

Paid Open Access = some publishers offer an optional arrangement for articles, whereby they offer enhanced visibility for the final article through facilitating some form of free-to-view archiving. Typically this involves a substantial additional fee, which may or may not be included in research costs.

Copyright = the copyright policy of a journal

NIH Policy = information about conditions set by a funder

Self-archiving Policy = a scientific publisher’s policy on self-archiving: whether articles are allowed to be self-archived in the institutional repositories of scientific organizations or not.

RoMEO = scientific publishers’ different attitudes to self-archiving.

Creative Commons

With the Creative Commons copyright licenses you can share your copyright and make your work open for users.

Use the same license for all materials of your research in order to provide a better open process for the life-span of all your research.

The Open Science and Reserch Initiative (ATT) recommends to use the following Creative Commons licenses: CC0:n tai CC BY.

Sharing the publications in social media

Copyright applies also to sharing the original publications via social media (for example ResearchGate,, Mendeley). The researcher must take care of the copyright issues when sharing the publications through these forums. In most cases the copyright of the publisher or the academic journal can be checked in SHERPA/RoMEO or on the publishers' website. The use of persistent researcher or article identifiers, persistent availability or the harvesting of the data is not guaranteed in networking sites

Self-archiving the scientific publications in TamPub saves the researcher the trouble for taking care of the copyright. The library takes care of the copyright of the self-archived publications in TamPub. In TamPub all the publications have a permanent internet address which is easy to share through the social media.

How Can I Share it

"How Can I share it?" is an online service which you can use to find information on which version of the publication you can share e.g. in social media.